MAHARAJA SUHELDEV: HISTORICAL & POLITICAL SIGNIFICANCE
Updated: Mar 11
Author: Vaibhav Goyal, IV Year of B.A.,LL.B(Hons), from University Institute of Legal Studies, Panjab University (SSGRC, HSP.), Chandigarh.
The tradition of Suheldev — who is accepted to have lived c.1000 AD and crushed an implied nephew of the Turkic hero Mahmud of Ghazni in the fight — hosts been guaranteed by political gatherings throughout the long term.
Uttar Pradesh is commending the 112th birth commemoration of Maharaja Suheldev. At this event, Prime Minister Narendra Modi Tuesday played the establishment stone of Maharaja Suheldev Memorial and advancement work of Chittaura Lake in the Bahraich region of Uttar Pradesh through video conferencing. Modi likewise initiated a clinical school for the sake of Maharaja Suheldev.
In his address, PM Modi said that the commitment of incredible men like Maharaja Suheldev can't be failed to remember. He said that it was miserable that individuals who forfeited their lives for the country were failed to remember ever.
Modi said that the commitment of extraordinary individuals like Maharaja Suheldev for the country can't be failed to remember. He added that it is gross foul play to extraordinary individuals like Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and Baba Saheb Ambedkar, and numerous other incredible pioneers. He additionally referenced the carelessness of Martyrs of Chauri Chaura in Gorakhpur.
The legend of Salar Masud and Suhaldev is found in the Persian language Mirat-I-Masudi. It is an authentic sentiment, and history of Salar Masud, supposedly with a "gossipy vibe". It was composed by Abd-ur-Rahman Chishti during the rule of the Mughal head Jahangir (r. 1605–1627). The legend has been accordingly adorned by individuals from different standings and political gatherings.
As per the legend, Suhaldev was the eldest child of King Mordhwaj of Shravasti. In various adaptations of the legends, he is known by various names, including Sakardev, Suhirdadhwaj, Suhridil, Suhridal-dhaj, Rai Suhrid Dev, Susaj, Suhardal, Sohildar, Shahardev, Sahardev, Suhar Deo, Suhaaldev, Suhildev, Suheldev, and Suheldeo.
Ghazi Salar Masud, a nephew of Mahmud of Ghazni, attacked India at 16 years old. He crossed the Indus stream and vanquished Multan, Delhi, Meerut lastly Satrikh. At Satrikh, he set up his central command and dispatched armed forces to crush the neighborhood rulers. Sayyad Saif-ud-commotion and Mian Rajjab were dispatched to Bahraich. The nearby Raja of Bahraich and other adjoining Hindu rulers framed a confederation, yet a military drove by Masud's dad Gazi Salar Sahu vanquished them. In any case, they kept on undermining the intruders, and consequently, in 1033 CE, Masud himself showed up in Bahraich to check their development. Masud perpetrated many thrashings on his foes, until the appearance of Suhaldev. Suhaldev's military crushed Masud's powers, and Masud was executed in a fight at Bahraich on 15 June 1033 CE.
Masud was covered in Bahraich, and in 1035 CE, a dargah was worked to honor him. The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) claims that the site was before an ashram (isolation) of the Hindu holy person Balark Rishi, and was changed over to a dargah by Feroze Tughlaq.
In later Hindutva-affected variants, Suhaldev is portrayed as a cow defender, a supporter of holy people, and an advocate of Hindus. In one of these renditions, Salar Masud plans to put a group of cows before his military, with the goal that Suhaldev couldn't assault him (since cows are hallowed to Hindus).
Suahldev comes to think about this arrangement, and cuts the cows free on the night before the fight.
The BJP under Modi has summoned him since in any event 2016 — and with Assembly races simply a year away, the gathering has motivations to both venture Suheldev as a "deliverer of Hindu religion", and to distinguish itself with the OBC Rajbhar people group of eastern Uttar Pradesh that claims fondness with the archaic Indian ruler.
Different station bunches have endeavored to proper Suhaldev as one of their own. As indicated by Mirat-e-Masudi, Suhaldev had a place with the "Bhar Tharu" people group. Resulting journalists have distinguished his standing differently as "Bhar Rajput", Rajbhar, Tharu, Bais Rajput, "Pandav Vanshi Tomar", Jain Rajput, Bharshiv, Tharu Kalhan, Nagavanshi Kshatriya, and Visen Kshatriya.
Ghazi Salar Masud or Ghazi Miyan is himself venerated as a champion holy person, and a persuasive religion has developed around his dargah in Bahraich.
The RSS and VHP, who have been praising the result of the Bahraich fight as "Hindu Vijay Utsav", have since a long time ago requested a legitimate remembrance for Raja Suheldev.
In 2017, the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath talked at Hindu Vijay Utsav ("Hindu Victory Festival") coordinated by VHP to stamp Suhaldev's triumph over Ghazi Saiyyad Salar Masud. He communicated his arrangement over the VHP's interest to revamp a Surya Temple at Balaar in Bahraich (which is at present the site of Ghazi Miya's mazaar), and to develop a commemoration for the sake of Suhaldev.
On February 24, 2016, Amit Shah, who was then public leader of the BJP, visited Bahraich to reveal a sculpture of Suheldev. He requested that a public gathering allows the BJP (in the appointment of 2017) to carry improvement to UP and to reestablish the wonder of Suheldev's rule.
On December 29, 2018, with Lok Sabha's decisions months away, Prime Minister Modi delivered a postage stamp out of appreciation for Maharaja Suheldev and guaranteed improvement projects for the area. On Tuesday, Modi additionally established the framework stone for advancement works at Chitaura Jheel to advance the travel industry and the historical backdrop of Suheldev and the skirmish of Bahraich.
Badri Narayan, Fascinating Hindutva: Saffron Politics and Dalit Mobilisation, SAGE Publications, 2009
Maulshree Seth, Explained: The legend of Maharaja Suheldev, and the reality of the Rajbhar vote in UP, The Indian Express, February 18, 2021
Shampa Sen, Know about 11th century ruler Maharaja Suheldev whom PM Narendra Modi called the 'Forgotten Hero', DNA India, February 16, 2021