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AI AND LAW: IMPACT OF AI ON INDIAN LEGAL SYSTEM

Updated: May 7

Author: Anisha Bhagat, II year of B.B.A.,LL.B (Hons.) From Amity University Jharkhand.


Introduction

It is not surprising that the legal system has been affected by artificial intelligence (AI), which continues to transform a variety of global companies and sectors. Particularly in India, the incorporation of AI is gradually changing how quickly and accurately conflicts of law are handled.

Document analysis, contract management, and analytics for prediction are currently handled more efficiently thanks to developments in machine learning and natural language processing algorithms, thereby lowering dependency on manual labour, human error, and bias. Although there has been progress, there are still questions about the moral and legal ramifications of using AI in the legal field, particularly when it comes to decisions that are ultimately still made by humans.

Over the years, the legal system of India has changed thanks to numerous amendments and important rulings. Artificial Intelligence (AI) has begun to have an impact in the legal industry, though, as the digital age advances. Predictive analytics and machine learning algorithms, two examples of AI technology, have already begun to change the way legal services are delivered. These developments are anticipated to significantly alter the legal system of India and increase the effectiveness and precision of court operations.


AI or Artificial Intelligence

The field of computer science known as artificial intelligence, or AI, is concerned with building machines that are capable of carrying out tasks that would typically need human intelligence. With the objective of building intelligent robots that can resolve problems on their own, the field of artificial intelligence (AI) strives to create hardware and software that can acquire knowledge, reason, and make judgments similarly to humans. AI is already significantly improving our lives, from self-driving cars to smart personal assistants like Siri and Alexa.

These machines are created utilizing a variety of methods, including computer vision, natural language processing, and machine learning. Over the years, the AI industry has expanded quickly, and its uses can be found in a variety of industries including financial services, healthcare, and entertainment.

But while AI has the potential to transform industries and alter how we live, it also raises significant ethical issues that must be taken into account.


How is AI changing people's day-to-day lives?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is fundamentally altering the world in which we live. It now permeates every aspect of our life, from health to transportation. Our lives are now easier and more productive thanks to gadgets and software that use artificial intelligence. But as AI develops and permeates all facets of our lives, many concerns about its effects on society are raised.

Artificial intelligence (AI) has been permeating many facets of our life, from straightforward intelligent personal assistants like Siri and Alexa to sophisticated decision-making processes in autonomous vehicles. It is altering the way we communicate, live, and work. We may enjoy increasingly personalised and practical services by incorporating AI into our regular activities.

But as AI algorithms advance, concerns about their effects on our privacy, job opportunities, and even humanity as a whole start to surface. AI has assimilated into our lives thanks to technological breakthroughs. AI is already everywhere, from smartphones to complex industrial machinery, and it has a huge impact on people's lives. AI has completely changed how we engage with technology, simplifying our lives by automating laborious and repetitive chores. Additionally, it has made it possible for us to analyse enormous amounts of data and derive important insights that were earlier challenging, if not unattainable for humans to achieve.

It's influence is so extensive that it is changing every industry, from telecommunications and education to healthcare and banking. It is only logical that as AI develops, hopes and worries about how it might profoundly change how we conduct ourselves are raised. There is no doubt, however, that AI also has the ability to generate a wide range of advantageous prospects for innovation and growth.


Why is AI significant for Indian legal systems?

The significance of AI extends throughout our daily lives and into the field of law, where it has profound effects on Indian judicial systems. Given the enormous amount of data produced by the legal industry, AI possesses the potential to simplify procedures and offer more precise and effective case outcome predictions.

AI can also be used to spot biases and tendencies in the judiciary, resulting in a more equitable and just application of the law. As a result, it is crucial to keep incorporating AI into legal structures in India if we want to increase the availability of justice and keep our legal system effective and relevant in the twenty-first century.

  • Legal experts may now access a wealth of data, search through earlier cases to uncover pertinent legal precedents, and more accurately forecast how a given case will turn out thanks to AI. This has made it possible for legal specialists to provide their services more effectively and efficiently, which benefits clients.

  • Moreover, automation and AI tools can help lower the proportion of human errors in the judiciary, making it less susceptible to errors and raising the standard of justice provided in overall.

  • Legal proceedings could be streamlined and expedited in India thanks to AI's capacity to quickly evaluate enormous quantities of data and spot patterns. This may be especially helpful in a country with an accumulation of millions of unresolved cases and a slow, cumbersome court system.

  • AI-powered legal solutions now have the ability to expedite workflows and cut down on the amount of time required for legal studies and compliance analyses. Artificial intelligence (AI)-powered NLP (natural language processing) instruments can assist in simplifying legal communication, particularly for non-specialists.

  • Accurate legal data analysis: This has the possibility to revolutionise India's legal sector. Lawyers and judges might expedite their labour, conduct computerised legal research, and quickly and effectively assess massive amounts of legal data by integrating AI into India's legal frameworks.


Lawyers won't be replaced by AI

Numerous sectors, including the legal sector, have been discussing the subject of artificial intelligence (AI) in great detail. Although the idea of artificial intelligence (AI) substituting human legal professionals has been extensively discussed, this is not actually possible.

While AI is capable of helping with tasks like document review and legal research, it is unable to offer the compassion and innovation that only humans can.

In reality, AI can improve the skills of lawyers by letting them concentrate on more difficult jobs and giving them data-driven insights to help them make wise decisions.

AI is not meant to take the place of solicitors. There is still a demand for human judgement and the interpretation of the law, even though artificial intelligence can be used to examine data and forecast outcomes based on patterns. Keep in mind that the law is always changing, and AI will never be able to provide the same degree of context and complexity as a human attorney.

For a time now, the term "artificial intelligence," or "AI," has been a buzzword in numerous industries. While AI can be used to supplement legal work and increase efficiency in relation to the legal profession, it cannot entirely replace the knowledge and discretion that an actual lawyer provides to the table.

It's crucial to remember because AI is not intended to take the role of solicitors. While technology can help with some tasks and offer information, the profession of law requires complex interpretation and judgement, which cannot be automated. Instead, by streamlining procedures and offering useful data analysis, AI can improve the work of lawyers.


Conclusion

There is a lot of discussion and speculation surrounding how AI will affect the Indian legal system. While some contend that AI can speed up and increase the efficiency of legal procedures, others are concerned about how it will affect employment and the possibility of bias in decision-making.

Despite these reservations, AI has the capacity to have a significant impact on India's legal system in the future. It will be crucial for legal experts and legislators to carefully analyse the possible advantages and disadvantages of technology as it develops in order to establish a fair and efficient system for everyone concerned.

Although it is clear that AI has the capacity to completely transform India's legal system, it is crucial to think through the moral and practical ramifications of such a change. AI could improve the efficiency and speed with which legal disputes are resolved, which is one possible benefit of its integration into the legal framework. There is, however, a chance that it would result in a loss of judicial discretion and increase already present biases in the system.

Legal automation is being ushered in in India thanks to the development of artificial intelligence (AI). Judges and lawyers are developing new uses for AI as it develops, which has boosted the effectiveness and accuracy of the judicial system. Still, there have been difficulties in incorporating AI into legal processes. The conflict between upholding the rule of law and using AI to increase access to justice is the largest barrier.























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